Document Library

Program Management & Administration

These documents pertain to administering and managing programs, supervising staff and volunteers, adhering to standards and regulations, and working with information technology.

 

Advocacy and Policy Program Management and Administration
Budgeting and Fiscal Management Recruiting and Retaining Staff
Citywide and Statewide Systems Recruiting and Retaining Youth
Fundraising and Development Regulations and Licensing
Human Resources and Supervision Understanding the OST Field
Information Technology Volunteers and Volunteer Management
Marketing and Promotion  

 

Advocacy and Policy

2013-14 Civil Rights Data Collection: A First Look. (2016) The CRDC survey measures student access to resources - as well as school climate factors, such as student discipline and bullying and harassment - that impact education equity and opportunity for students. (Note: Florida state data subject to reporting error.) US Department of Education.

2014 Campaign Toolkit: Making Afterschool an Election Issue. (2014). This all-inclusive toolkit provides a framework for bringing after school programs to the forefront as a campaign issue. Activities include outreach to candidates and communities, timelines, and advocacy guidelines specific for 501(c)(3) nonprofits.

2014 Candidate's Guide to Afterschool. (2014). This document provides background information and statistics about the prevalence and afterschool programming's need for political attention. This overview includes language, data and funding, and research that advocates can utilize while speaking to their candidates.

2015 Expanded Learning Opportunities Council Report. (2015)The Council will provide annual reports to Washington State Legislature until 2018, summarizing accomplishments, measuring progress, and containing recommendations regarding the continued development of an ELO system which reduces summer learning loss. ELO Council of Washington State.

 

2015 Ready by 21 State Policy Survey: Child and Youth Policy Coordinating Bodies in the U.S. (May 2016) Conducted previously in 2011 and 2013, this comprehensive survey identifies state child and youth coordinating bodies and summarizes findings on the breadth of their partnerships and goals, how well they use data and their effectiveness in using innovative strategies to support children and youth. Forum for Youth Investment.

 

A Better Way: Our Vision for a Confident America. (June 2016) A new policy paper from House Speaker Paul Ryan on poverty representing the recommendations on issues in welfare, workforce and education. House Republican Task Force on Poverty, Opportunity and Upward Mobility.

 

A Blueprint for Youth Justice Reform. (December 2015) A call to action to funders, policymakers, community leaders, system stakeholders, advocates, youth and families to work in partnership for youth justice reform. Youth Transition Funders Group.

 

Advancing Deeper Learning Under ESSA: Seven Priorities. (March 2016) This brief recommends seven ways for supporters of deeper learning to take advantage of the changing education policy landscape, as authority shifts from the federal government to states and local districts. Jobs for the Future.

America After 3PM. (2009). This October report is an update to a 2004 report by the same name, and highlights findings from a survey of nearly 30,000 households across the United States conducted for the Afterschool Alliance and sponsored by the JCPenney Afterschool Fund.

Arnold Schwarzenegger Calls On Congress To Save Funding For After-School Programs. (March 2015). Former California Governor, Arnold Schwarzenegger is urging Congress to preserve federal funding for after-school programs. Schwarzenegger came out publicly with this response after several researchers and Congressmen came out stating that after-school programs are not effective. Huff Post Politics.

Better Federal Policies Leading to Better Schools. (2010). These materials outline the Center on Education Policy's recommendations for the reauthorization of the Elementary & Secondary Education Act. One recommendation is to implement a complementary learning approach to education. This includes establishing strong connections between K-12 education, early childhood education, and out-of-school learning.

Building a Science, Technology, Engineering and Math Education Agenda. (2011). Results from the National Assessment of Educational Progress over roughly the past 10 years show little improvement in high school seniors' knowledge of math and science. Moreover, the United States lags behind its competitors in producing STEM graduates. This article from the National Governor's Association takes a detailed look at the reasons the U.S.lags behind its competitors and the actions states have taken to address these challenges.

Building bridges: How to share research about children and youth with policymakers. (October 2016) This brief provides an overview of the literature available to explore the conditions under which policymakers are most likely to use research, including the presentation formats that best facilitate their use. Child Trends.

 

Candidate Resource Guide on Afterschool. (2016) This guide provides information on ways afterschool programs provide real-time, evidence-tested solutions to some of the most prevalent campaign issues, constituent interests and community concerns. Afterschool Alliance.

 

Child Care: Research-Based Policy Recommendations for Executive and Legislative Officials in 2017. January 2017. Child Trends.


Children in Poverty: Trends, Consequences, and Policy Options. (2009). This new Child Trends research brief uses 2007 Census data to present a statistical portrait of children in poverty in the U.S. It also highlights research on the consequences of poverty for children and suggests program and policy approaches that hold promise for decreasing poverty among low-income children and their families.

Connected by 25: Effective Policy Solutions for Vulnerable Youth. (2010). This new issue brief developed by the Youth Transition Funders Group (YTFG) outlines policy solutions for addressing the needs of vulnerable youth.

Cultivating Demand for the Arts. (2009). Arts education plays a vital and underappreciated role in expanding participation in the arts, argues a new study from RAND - and must be strengthened if more Americans are to reap the rewards of participation.

Designing Statewide Career Development Strategies and Programs. (2015) This guide is designed to support states in their efforts to increase college and career readiness among all youth, including youth with disabilities. National Collaborative on Workforce and Disability.

ELT: Expanding and Enriching Learning Time for All. (2009). In this newly published brief, TASC calls for more schools to expand the learning day, for policymakers to support more time for enrichments as well as academics, and for Congress to pass the Time for Innovation Matters in Education Act of 2009 to help kids whose learning is limited by outdated school schedules.

Engaging New Voters: The Impact of Nonprofit Voter Outreach on Client and Community Turnout. (2015) The report examines the impact nonprofits have when they engage the communities they serve and finds that voter turnout among clients and consumers contacted by a nonprofit about registering or pledging to vote is higher than voter turnout among other registered voters.  Nonprofit VOTE.

 

ESSA: Quick guides on top issues. (August 2016) This report provides insight into key areas of the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) that have prompted questions and concerns from education leaders and policymakers as they prepare to implement this new law. Education Commission of the States.

 

Equity and ESSA: Leveraging Educational Opportunity Through the Every Student Succeeds Act. (November 2016) This report outlines the equity implications of ESSA and suggest ways in which the federal government, states, districts, and schools can optimize these opportunities to enhance educational opportunities, especially for the children historically left behind. Learning Policy Institute.

The Federal Role in Out-of-School Learning: After-School, Summer Learning, and Family Involvement as Critical Learning Supports. (2009). This May 2009 report from Harvard Family Research Project (HFRP) makes a research-based case for federal provision of out-of-school complementary learning supports from birth through high school, particularly for poor children.

From Data to Evidence to Policy: Recommendations for the Commission on Evidence-Based Policymaking. (May 2016) Recommendations intended to help the Commission determine how the federal government can share and link administrative data sets without risking personal information privacy. William T. Grant Foundation.

 

From Project to Platform: The Evolution of KIDS COUNT. (2016) This report tells the story of how a single data book documenting child well-being measures turned into a mission-critical vehicle for AECF in building bipartisan support for proven practice solutions and policy change. The Annie E. Casey Foundation.

 

Great Expectations: Mission Preservation and Financial Performance in Impact Investing. (November 2015) The report was published with the venture capital community in mind, but the data yields lessons for social entrepreneurs and the social impact community at large. Early findings show that social mission is well-preserved once investors exit. Wharton Social Impact Initiative.

 

High Quality Child Care is Out of Reach for Working Families. (October 2015) This issue brief uses a number of benchmarks to gauge and analyze the affordability of childcare across the country. Economic Policy Institute.

How to End a Dispiriting Fight Over Learning Time.  (2010). Well-meaning advocates of after-school programs are fighting with well-meaning advocates of longer school days over federal money. Writer Jay Mathews theorizes the arguments seem to have more to do with Congressional power than the well-being of the schoolchildren they say they are trying to help.

Integrating Expanded Learning and School Reform Initiatives: Challenges and Strategies. (2010). In an economic environment that juxtaposes an unprecedented level of massive federal investments to turn around low-performing schools coupled with staggering budget deficits that have districts struggling to make ends meet, this policy brief sets forth a set of six recommendations to address challenges to a broad adoption of expanded learning strategies in school reform initiatives.

The Intersection of Afterschool and Competency-based Learning: Emerging Trends, Policy Considerations, and Questions for the Future. (January 2016) This white paper explores the relationship between these two fields, recommends ideal policy environments for implementing successful programs, provides real-world examples, and shines a spotlight on emerging trends for the future. American Youth Policy Forum.

 

An Introduction to Child Welfare Funding, and How States Use It. (January 2016) This report examines key child welfare financing decisions, based on interviews with child welfare agency officials in 10 states (CO, FL, IL, IN, MA, MI, OH, TX, UT, and WI) about the hows, whys, challenges, and successes of their child welfare financing structures and decisions. Child Trends.

It Starts with a Conversation. (2011). The scale and complexity of the US public education system has thwarted attempted reforms for decades. This edition of PSIJ introduces readers to alternative and innovative strategies for educational reform and extends the conversation to all who care about children and their education.

It's Time for Summer: An Analysis of Recent Policy and Funding Opportunities. (2009). This white paper from The Wallace Foundation suggests that summer learning programs could be improved and expanded if federal, state, and local programs were better coordinated and recommends a number of steps to policymakers and funders.

Keeping Students Safe and Supported: Research-Based Policy Recommendations for Executive and Legislative Officials in 2017. January 2017. Child Trends.

 

Kids' Share 2016: Report on Federal Expenditures on Children Through 2015 and Future Projections. (September 2016) The report projects the children's share of the federal budget to be vastly outweighed by interest that will be paid on the national debt, and finds that absent any policy change, children's share of the budget will continue to decline. Urban Institute.

The Latino Education Crisis - The Consequences of Failed Social Policies. (2009). This forum featured Patricia Gándara, Professor of Education at UCLA, presenting an overview of her new book entitled The Latino Education Crisis: The Consequences of Failed Social Policies. Gándara identifies a broad web of issues that contribute to low rates of college enrollment and success, and offers policy recommendations.

Lifting All Students: Why Pennsylvania Must Act Now to Fairly Fund Public Education and Secure Our Future. (September 2015) The report demonstrates what is at stake if Pennsylvania lawmakers do not act quickly to make a significant, long-term and equitable investment in public education. Campaign for Fair Education Funding.

 

Meeting The Every Student Succeeds Act's Promise: State Policy to Support Personalized Learning. (October 2016) This report provides recommendations for state policymakers to support local and statewide efforts to transform student learning in K-12 education through personalized, competency-based learning. iNACOL.

New Reports Examine Access to Out-Of-School Time Programs. (2011). Sustained participation in out-of-school time (OST) activities, research suggests, can improve a young person's academic achievement and success in life. Many municipal leaders also recognize that promoting participation in high-quality OST programs can advance other city priorities - including decreasing dropout rates, lowering juvenile crime rates and strengthening workforce development.

The Nonprofit Sector in Brief 2015: Public Charities, Giving, and Volunteering. (October 2015) This brief discusses trends in the number and finances of 501(c)(3) public charities and key findings on two important resources for the nonprofit sector: private charitable contributions and volunteering. Urban Institute.

Parents as Advocates for School Improvement, Afterschool Programs, and Increased Funding. (2013). Parents are the natural advocates for their children, but they are also one of a school's most prized resources and can be an afterschool program's strongest supporters. This article enumerates several ways in which parents can help advocate for afterschool programs.

Pennsylvania After 3pm. (2009). These results from the America After 3PM 2009 survey identify the supply of and demand for PA afterschool programs, as well as the major barriers to program enrollment in the state.

The Pennsylvania Office of Child Development and Early Learning - Annual Report. (2009). The OCDEL Annual Report for 2008-2009 is now available.

Philadelphia Social Innovations Journal, Spring 2010.(2010). This issue of the nation's first regional web-based journal of its kind includes features on local trailblazers in education for students with special needs and recommendations from regional and national thought-leaders on creating disruptive innovations in the social sector.

Policy Perspectives in Expanded Learning: Lessons Learned at the Local Level and Implications for Federal Policy. (2013). Momentum is growing across the country to use expanded learning opportunities as an important strategy to support student success. This forum highlighted policy issues informed by best practices at the local level related to the value of intermediary organizations, quality and accountability, and school and community partnerships.

Policymakers Need to Increase their Focus on STEM. (2014). The Research and Technology Subcommittee held a hearing on January 9th to explore the effects of STEM initiatives undertaken by businesses and nonprofits. The hearing included two panels: the first included academic, nonprofit, and business leaders and the second interviewed three high school aged students.

The President's Budget: The Afterschool and Summer Learning Perspective. (2013). President Obama recently released his budget request for the upcoming 2014 fiscal year, which reflected an increase of $100 million from FY 2012 levels for the 21st Century Community Learning Centers initiative. The President proposed to radically change 21st CCLC to a competitive grant at the federal level.

Preventing Bullying and Cyberbullying: Research-Based Policy Recommendations for Executive and Legislative Officials in 2017. January 2017. Child Trends.

Quality Afterschool: Helping Programs Achieve It and Strengthening Policies to Support It. ( 2011). For years, policy makers, program directors and parents have attested to the widespread benefits of afterschool programs. Fortunately, a wide variety of research ranging from quantitative studies and polls to qualitative reports and field observations has corroborated the need for afterschool enrichment.

Reforming Juvenile Justice: A Developmental Approach. (2013). Recent findings from research on adolescent development, and particularly increasing knowledge about the adolescent brain, have led to deep and growing concerns about the treatment of juveniles in the nation's justice system. This report delves deeper into reforming the juvenile justice system.

Research Findings to Support Effective Education Policymaking. (2009). To help policymakers respond to new federal education priorities, including the Race to the Top grants program, this report synthesizes more than a decade of Wallace Foundations experience and research into educational leadership, out-of-school time learning and arts education.

Roadmap to Afterschool for All. (2009). This report from the Afterschool Alliance by the Harvard School of Public Health and supported by the Charles Stewart Mott Foundation and the Atlantic Philanthropies, is a scientific study that for the first time assesses the current investment in afterschool programs from the public sector, parents, foundations and businesses, and estimates the additional investment needed from each sector to provide quality afterschool programs for all children.

The Secret War on Afterschool Programs. (2013). The Obama administration has for some time been supporting the expansion of learning time in school, by diverting money intended for afterschool programs. In this article, Jodi Grant, Executive Director of the Afterschool Alliance explains that afterschool programs offer high quality opportunities for kids to learn at different venues.

State and Local Expenditures on Corrections and Education. (July 2016) This policy brief examines state-by-state trends to compare the extent to which state and local governments are investing in education and in corrections. U.S. Department of Education.

 

State of Summer Learning: 2015 State Policy Snapshot. (2015) In 2015, NSLA tracked 172 state bills affecting summer learning. National Summer Learning Association.

Strategic Frame Analysis: Reframing America's Youth. (2001). This publication from the Center for Communications & Community proposes a new way of framing youth issues for the public.

Strengthening Partnerships and Building Public Will for Out-of-School Time Programs. (2010). This guide from the YEF Institute describes three key strategies that mayors and other city leaders can use to generate support for access to high-quality out-of-school time activities.

Teen Pregnancy Prevention: Research-Based Policy Recommendations for Executive and Legislative Officials in 2017. February 2017. Child Trends.

Telling Tales (About) Out-of-School. (2010). Shedding their stereotypical images as babysitters and after-school tutors, after-school programs are now the in the vanguard of education reform, thanks to foundation support that has them partnering with parents, school officials and funders to provide exciting out-of-classroom learning.

Time to Act: Making Data Work for Students. (April 2016) The Four Policy Priorities to Make Data Work for Students presented in this paper provide a set of recommendations for policymakers to take advantage of the opportunities presented by ESSA to ensure that data serves their citizens and supports student learning. Data Quality Campaign.

 

Turning Data into Information: The Vital Role of Research in Improving Education. (August 2016) In light of ESSA being signed into law, this brief describes how research uncovers the evidence that policymakers and practitioners need to provide the best education possible for all students. Data Quality Campaign.

Unsupervised Time: Family and Child Factors Associated with Self-Care. (2003). For a variety of reasons, a substantial number of families with school-age children regularly leave them with a sibling or alone to care for themselves. Explore policies aimed at improving the affordability of school-age child care, as well as state and local initiatives offering academic and enrichment activities for children after regular school hours.

The US Education Innovation Index: Prototype and Report. (September 2016) This analytical article describes USEII, which is a city-level composite indicator tailor-made for the education sector that measures innovation conditions and activities to help education and civic leaders encourage smart innovation. Bellwether Education Partners.

A User's Guide to Advocacy Evaluation Planning. (2009). The Harvard Family Research project developed this tool for advocates, evaluators, and funders who want guidance on how to evaluate advocacy and policy change efforts.

A Vision for the Future of American Education: How the Recovery Act Can Help State Leaders Realize It. (2009). This paper from the C.S. Mott Foundation provides an overview of New Day for Learning as well as specific information on how state leaders, advocates and policymakers can guide policy to create a New Day for Learning for the young people of their state.

Voter Data on Out-of-School Time. (2009). The Afterschool Alliance reports that "nearly nine in ten voters (89 percent) say that, given the dangers young people face today, afterschool programs are important. Four in five voters (83 percent) agree there should be some type of organized activity or safe place for children and teens to go after school every day that provides opportunities for them to learn. And 76 percent want the new Congress and their newly elected state and local officials to increase funding for afterschool programs.

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Budgeting and Fiscal Management

2016 Charity CEO Compensation Study. (October 2016) This report is designed to serve as a tool for board members seeking benchmarking data and for donors who want to gain a better understanding of nonprofit compensation practices. Report is based on the 2014 CEO salary data provided on Form 990 by 4,587 charities in Charity Navigator's database. Charity Navigator.

Advice to Strengthen Strategic Mergers and Collaborations. (April 2016) Insights and best practices for exploring and supporting mergers and collaborations based on real-world cases. Nonprofit Finance Fund.

 

Beyond the Award Letter: Fund Management for Leaders of Small Youth-Serving Organizations. (2009). This guide helps non-profit leaders develop the tools and knowledge they need to enhance the systems they use to manage grants and contracts.

 

CCDBG Participation Drops to Historic Low. January 2017. CLASP.

The Cost of Quality OST-Programs. (2009). This report looks at the full cost of quality OST programs, including both cash outlays and monetary contributions.

Current-Generation Youth Programs: What Works, What Doesn't, and at What Cost? (2009). This paper reviews the costs, benefits, and costs and benefits relative to one another for out-of-school time youth programs.

Cutting Cost, Keeping Quality: Financing Strategies for Youth-Serving Organizations in a Difficult Economy. (2010). This brief from the Finance Project highlights financing strategies that successful youth-serving organizations are using to maintain quality services despite difficult economic times. It illustrates how organizations have aggressively managed costs, creatively generated new revenues, and created partnerships to mitigate the effects of funding cuts.

Differences a Day Can Make: Exploring the Effects of an Abbreviated Intervention on Improving Financial Management for Youth-Serving Organizations. (October 2014). Researchers examined the effects of one-day workshop and webinar series on financial management for nonprofit leaders. CFAR, a management consulting firm, also offers recommendations on increasing participation and ensuring topic relevance. CFAR.

Fewer Children, Fewer Providers: Trends in CCDBG Participation. January 2017. CLASP.

Financing Access to High-Quality Pre-K. August 2014. While there is broad, bi-partisan support for high-quality pre-k among policymakers and the public, a discussion is needed on how to best fund its expansion in Pennsylvania. This briefing paper estimates the costs of expansion and explores options for publicly funding the expansion of high-quality pre-k so it is accessible to every 3-and 4-year-old child in the commonwealth. Pre-K for PA.

Fiscal Fitness for Nonprofits. (2011). Project Puts Chicago After-School Programs and Funders Through a Financial Workout provides a vivid account of a Wallace Foundation effort to help high-performing after-school nonprofits tone their financial management muscle. The Wallace Foundation.

A Fiscal Map for Expanded Learning Time (ELT). (2011). This brief lists and illustrates the different funding sources expanded learning programs could apply for to build and maintain their programs. Challenges related to attaining this funding are also explained in the article.

Follow the Money: A Tool for Mapping Funds for Out-of-School Time Initiatives. (2009). This tool, from The Finance Project, draws upon selected examples of fiscal mapping research by statewide afterschool networks that track funding for out-of-school time programs. It provides an overview of the six steps in completing a fiscal mapping process, considerations and strategies for data collection, and worksheets to help readers collect the data.

Guidance for Non-Profit Organizations on Paying Overtime under the Fair Labor Standards Act. (May 2016) This document offers insight on how the minimum wage and overtime provisions of the FLSA, which took effect December 1, 2016, apply to employees at non-profit agencies. US Department of Labor.

 

An Introduction to Child Welfare Funding, and How States Use It. (January 2016) This report examines key child welfare financing decisions, based on interviews with child welfare agency officials in 10 states (CO, FL, IL, IN, MA, MI, OH, TX, UT, and WI) about the hows, whys, challenges, and successes of their child welfare financing structures and decisions. Child Trends.

 

Kids' Share 2016: Report on Federal Expenditures on Children Through 2015 and Future Projections. (September 2016) The report projects the children's share of the federal budget to be vastly outweighed by interest that will be paid on the national debt, and finds that absent any policy change, children's share of the budget will continue to decline. Urban Institute.

 

Lifting All Students: Why Pennsylvania Must Act Now to Fairly Fund Public Education and Secure Our Future. (September 2015) The report demonstrates what is at stake if Pennsylvania lawmakers do not act quickly to make a significant, long-term and equitable investment in public education. Campaign for Fair Education Funding.

 

The Nonprofit Overtime Implementation Conundrum. (July 2016) Results of a national survey seeking insights from nonprofits with government grants and contracts about how changes to federal employment law could affect their costs and operations. National Council of Nonprofits.

 

The Nonprofit Sector in Brief 2015: Public Charities, Giving, and Volunteering. (October 2015) This brief discusses trends in the number and finances of 501(c)(3) public charities and key findings on two important resources for the nonprofit sector: private charitable contributions and volunteering. Urban Institute.

 

Pennsylvania State Budget Impasse 2015-2016 Full Report. (June 2016) Stand for Pennsylvanians administered a survey, developing a brief but compelling snapshot of how the nine-month budget delay affected 176 nonprofit organizations and the clients they serve across all 67 Pennsylvania counties. Stand for Pennsylvanians.

 

Salty or Sweet? Nutritional Quality, Consumption, and Cost of Snacks Served in Afterschool Programs.  (2014).  Researchers observed the snack offerings for over 1,700 afterschool program students. Findings revealed a large number of high sugar and artificially flavored options; desserts and sugar based drinks are often slightly less expensive than fruits and vegetables which may account for the disparity. Journal of School Health.

 

Who Should Be in Charge When School Districts Go into the Red? (2015) This report presents a tiered sequence of state policies and interventions for school districts nationwide that are contending with rising education costs and constrained revenues. Thomas B. Fordham Institute.

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Citywide and Statewide Systems

2008 Lights On Afterschool Events. (2009). From the Afterschool Alliance, this resource provides a listing and description of 2008 Lights On Afterschool events that occurred coast to coast. This resource can be used by cities to help plan future Lights On Afterschool events.

2015 Ready by 21 State Policy Survey: Child and Youth Policy Coordinating Bodies in the U.S. (May 2016) Conducted previously in 2011 and 2013, this comprehensive survey identifies state child and youth coordinating bodies and summarizes findings on the breadth of their partnerships and goals, how well they use data and their effectiveness in using innovative strategies to support children and youth. Forum for Youth Investment.

AfterZone: Creating a Citywide System to Support and Sustain High-Quality After-School Programs. (2010) This report from Public/Private Ventures presents their analysis of the implementation of a citywide system-building effort in Providence, RI, that aims to provide high-quality, accessible out-of-school time services to middle school youth.

AfterZone: Outcomes for Youth Participating in Providence's After-School System. (2011). Providence's after-school effort, known as the AfterZone, produced educational benefits for participating students including improved school attendance and attitudes, according to a report released today, one of the first rigorous evaluations of a citywide after-school initiative.

After-School Programs: Cities and School Districts Work Together to Serve Children. (2008). This article documents a city's collaborative development necessary to form after-school programming. To meet this community's needs, the city's Parks and Recreation Department, the state's Department of Education, and other creative resources were called upon to build this program.

Afterschool Programs in Pennsylvania. (June 2016) In December 2015, the Legislative Budget and Finance Committee (LB&FC) directed its staff to conduct an update of a report released in May 2009 on the availability and affordability of afterschool/out-of-school time (OST) programs in the Commonwealth. Pennsylvania General Assembly.

Are City Efforts to Improve Child Outcomes Producing Results? (2013). City leaders are working harder than ever to improve the odds for children, youth, and families. They are increasingly leading initiatives that boost educational achievement, not only for students in K-12 public schools but also for young children, out-of-school youth, and those striving to complete postsecondary education.

Bring After-School Networks to Scale. (2008). This article explains the process and related challenges of bringing OST (out-of-school time) programs to city and state systems through examples of different government agencies from across the country that have recently implemented programs.

Building Citywide Afterschool Systems That Expand Opportunities to Learn and Grow. (2009). Charleston Mayor Riley speaks about the new Mayors’ Action Challenge for Children and Families.

Building Citywide Systems for Quality: A Guide and Case Studies for Afterschool Leaders. (October 2012) The guide describes the efforts and approaches in six communities to build quality improvement systems: Atlanta, GA; Austin, TX; Chicago, IL; New York, NY; Palm Beach County, FL and Hampden County, MA. Forum for Youth Investment.

Building Local Systems to Improve Afterschool: A Conference Report. (2013). Almost everyone believes that afterschool programs are one of those positive things for youngsters. Yet many kids are left out: only 15% of the country's school children participate in afterschool programs. At a February 2013 conference in Baltimore, close to 400 people from 57 U.S. cities gathered to discuss what they could do to push for better afterschool programs.

Building Management Information Systems to Coordinate Citywide Afterschool Programs: A Toolkit for Cities. (2012). A major new report developed by NLC's Institute for Youth, Education and Families (YEF Institute) offers city leaders a detailed guide for building management information systems in order to coordinate local afterschool programs more effectively. Over the past decade, municipal leaders have been at the forefront of efforts to develop comprehensive, citywide afterschool systems that expand the number of high-quality programs available, increase youth participation, and improve outcomes for young people. To obtain better information about the scope and impact of afterschool opportunities in their communities, city officials are increasingly developing management information systems to collect, analyze and share data on local programs.

Building a System of High-Quality Partnerships(2012). This paper describes a local effort to implement a quality improvement system in Palm Beach County, Fla. and the positive impact such initiatives can have on the enrichment activities community organizations provide to youth.

Cities and Statewide Afterschool Networks Partnering to Support Afterschool. (2009). Examples of how municipal leaders are working with the 38 statewide afterschool networks funded by the Charles Stewart Mott Foundation to influence state afterschool funding and policies and to strengthen local programs. 

Cities Should Embrace After School Learning. (2013). Since cities play such a crucial role in after school and out-of-school time, city leaders must work together with schools, parents, and others to help young people thrive with a shared understanding that their success will determine the success of our cities.

City Strategies to Engage Older Youth in Afterschool Programs. The National League of Cities Institute for Youth, Education and Families released this guide to assist cities on creating supportive OST environments. The guide is divided into four areas of strategies: coordinating systems to support effective service delivery, ensuring programings are of high quality, offering a wide variety of relevant program options, and promoting college attendance and workplace readiness.

A Citywide Approach to Building and Sustaining Out-of-School Time Learning Opportunities. (2009). This Special Report by the National League of Cities describes a new citywide approach being used in five cities, with support from The Wallace Foundation, to improve OST opportunities for children and youth. The big lesson emerging from this work is that six “action elements” are essential to coordinated efforts.  These elements consist of committed leadership, a public or private coordinating entity, multi-year planning, reliable information, expanding participation, and a commitment to quality.

Community Schools: Hearing from the Community. (July 2016) In early 2016, the Mayor's Office of Education launched a public outreach effort - summarized in this report-to learn more about how the City of Philadelphia should develop the administration's new Community Schools initiative in order to better support children, families and school communities. Mayor's Office of Education.

 

Connecting the Dots: Data Use in Afterschool Systems. (April 2016) People and processes are as important as technology, according to early findings from a study of the use of data in afterschool systems. The Wallace Foundation.

Delivering Youth Services in Philadelphia: The Integrated Youth Services Project(2008). This study investigated the variation among, funding streams for, and potential synergy of youth services in Philadelphia. 

Districts Matter: Cultivating the Principals Urban Schools Need. (2013). An effective school requires an effective leader, but great principals rarely just happen. They are cultivated. This Wallace Perspective draws on a decade of foundation research and work in school leadership to show how urban school districts can play a major role in ensuring they have principals who can boost teaching and learning in troubled schools.

Every Hour Counts System-Building Institute: Summary Report. (August 2015) A summary report of the peer-learning institute hosted by Every Hour Counts for 25 community teams in Oakland, CA, on March 26-27, 2015. Every Hour Counts.

Expanding Options: City Roles in Creating High School Alternatives for Struggling Students. (2010). A report on the Helping Municipal Leaders Expand Options and Alternatives for High School Project. City leaders and their federal, state and school district counterparts must combine efforts to reinvent and overhaul the high school experience to better prepare students for the challenges and opportunities of the 21st century.

Financial Strategies to Support Citywide Systems of Out-of-School Time Programs. (2009). Several options that city officials may consider for supporting and sustaining local programs. From the National League of Cities.

The First National Survey of OST Intermediaries. (2012). Out-of-school time (OST) intermediaries work at the center of multifaceted city and regional networks of government, schools, foundations, and front-line providers of after-school and other expanded learning opportunities. Among the findings in this survey is that even in a recessionary economy, out-of school time (OST) intermediary organizations increased the number of children accessing expanded learning opportunities.

Five Statewide Afterschool Networks to Hold State Mayoral Summits on Afterschool. (2009). Five networks have been selected by NLC's Institute for Youth, Education, and Families (YEF Institute) to receive financial and technical assistance to host Statewide Mayoral Summits on Afterschool/Expanded Learning.

Funding Brighter Futures: How Local Governments are Enhancing Investments in Kids. February 2017. Forum for Youth Investment.

 

Governing Urban Schools in the Future: What's Facing Philadelphia and Pennsylvania. (January 2016) This brief is intended to inform the decisions that policymakers will have to make about governing the city's schools if and when state control of the School District of Philadelphia comes to an end. The Pew Charitable Trusts.

Growing Pains. (2008). Like with any statewide programming, after school programming can encounter problems in implementation. Different youth work professionals provide their insight on how to address these issues in this article.

Growing Together, Learning Together: What Cities Have Discovered About Building Afterschool Systems. (July 2015) The new report focuses on the four elements that the most current evidence and experience suggest are essential to a successful system: strong leadership from major players, coordination that fits the local context, effective use of data and a comprehensive approach to quality.

Hours of Opportunity. (2010). In a new report the RAND Corp. explores efforts to bolster after-school services citywide by coordinating the work of the institutions involved in them, from schools and parks to nonprofit programs. Hours of Opportunity concludes these OST "systems" have real potential to improve the quality and accessibility of after-school, summer and other out-of-school time programs.

How to Grow a Framework: Lessons From California. (June 2016) This policy profile describes how the Family Engagement Framework: A Tool for California School Districts (the Framework) is used to facilitate school and district efforts implementing systemic family engagement across various federal and state programs and funding streams. Harvard Family Research Project.

 

Improving Pennsylvania's Low-Performing Schools: Why Governor Wolf's Proposal is not Real Accountability. (March 2016) Part 1 of PennCAN's 3-part response to PA DOE's statement that York City School District will serve as model for PA school reform. PennCAN.

Investments in Building Citywide Out-of-School Time Systems: A Six-City Study. (2009). This report from The Finance Project and Public/Private Ventures, commissioned by The Wallace Foundation, is an examination of the investments Boston, Charlotte, Chicago, Denver, New York City and Seattle are making to create well-functioning systems to provide quality afterschool opportunities to more kids.

An Invitation to the Big Picture: Implementing a Local Collaboration for Youth (LCY) in Your Community. (2011). The National Collaboration for Youth and the Forum for Youth Investment recently released a guide to forming and sustaining Local Collaborations for Youth (LCY). An LCY is a means for local child- and youth-serving agencies to pool their collective expertise, resources, and voice in 'whole-community' efforts to improve outcomes for children and youth.

A Look at the Education Crisis: Tests, Standards, and the Future of American Education. (January 2016) To look more deeply at the state of our education system-and the state of standards-based reform-this report analyzes the latest data from two national assessments, with particular attention paid to results for students of different racial backgrounds. Center for American Progress.

Municipal Leadership for Afterschool: Citywide Approaches Spreading Across the Country. (2011). A new research report published by the National League of Cities Institute for Youth, Education and Families and commissioned by The Wallace Foundation highlights a growing trend in communities nationwide: the emergence of comprehensive, citywide afterschool systems for children and youth. "Municipal Leadership for Afterschool: Citywide Approaches Spreading Across the Country"identifies 27 cities that are among the most advanced in their efforts to coordinate afterschool opportunities for children and youth.

No Time to Lose: How to Build a World-Class Education System State by State. (August 2016) The report, which focuses on the lack of state success in improving student performance, cites practices instituted in countries whose students outshine those in the U.S. National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL).

 

State and Local Expenditures on Corrections and Education. (July 2016) This policy brief examines state-by-state trends to compare the extent to which state and local governments are investing in education and in corrections. U.S. Department of Education.

The State of City Leadership for Children and Families. (2009). This report from the National League of Cities' Institute for Youth, Education, and Families presents attempts by some city leaders to respond to the pressing needs of children, youth and families.

Strategy Guide: Collecting and Using Information to Strengthen Citywide Out-of-School Time Systems. (2011). Cities around the country are building systems that seek to make the most of public and private resources to provide widespread, high-quality, out-of-school time (OST) opportunities. Local officials are leading these efforts because participation in OST programs not only benefits young people, but also the cities in which they live, with the potential to support many city priorities.

Toolkit for Expanding Learning. The Expanding Learning and Afterschool Project, in partnership with the Collaborative for Building After-School Systems (CBASS), released a new Toolkit for Expanding Learning. The toolkit provides guidance to city agencies, school districts, intermediaries, state agencies and Statewide Afterschool Networks as they develop plans for afterschool, summer learning and expanded learning time initiatives in their communities. It also features resources based on CBASS collaborators' experiences in working with expanded learning stakeholders.

Who Should Be in Charge When School Districts Go into the Red? (2015) This report presents a tiered sequence of state policies and interventions for school districts nationwide that are contending with rising education costs and constrained revenues. Thomas B. Fordham Institute.

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Fundraising and Development

7 tips to attract more donors to your cause. (2012). CauseVox offers providers a free seven-part video series (http://www.causevox.com/ebooks/basics-fundraising/) on the basics of fundraising for your organization. This publication outlines seven easy-to-implement tips on how to get started and serves as a preview of the CauseVox’s offered series. Socialbrite.

2014-15 Pennsylvania Grant & Resource Directory. (October 2014) While this directory is not a full, comprehensive listing of all government programs, it is intended to provide a snapshot of some of the popular and helpful grants and resources available through the state and federal government. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.

 

2015 Fundraising Effectiveness Survey Report. (2015) This report is based on fundraising data collected from over 8,000 organizations that have contributed data on contributions. Urban Institute, Association of Fundraising Professionals.

 

2016 High Impact Giving Guide. (November 2016) The sixth-annual High Impact Giving Guide was designed to help donors make a bigger difference with their philanthropic gifts. Here, readers will not only find additional high impact opportunities, but rigorous evidence of what experts in a particular field consider to be the most effective interventions. Center for High Impact Philanthropy (CHIP).

Accelerating Change for Women and Girls: The Role of Women's Funds. (2009). A joint publication of The Foundation Center and Women's Funding Network, this slim volume chronicles the substantial growth of women's funds, target populations, national and international giving, social change practices and priorities.

The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009: Expanding and Strengthening Afterschool and Summer Programs for Children and Youth. (2009). This brief from the YEF Institute explains how cities can access funding from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) of 2009 to promote afterschool programming.

Applying for Funding from Family Foundations: Results of a New Survey. (2009). Look beyond the largest foundations to the largely untapped reservoir of philanthropic dollars in family foundations. Learn more in this article from Guidestar.

Asking Far and Wide: Interview with Fundraiser Andy Robinson. (2013). As the author of How to Raise $500 to $5000 From Almost Anyone, Andy Robinson recently spoke with his publisher about major gifts fundraising. This article presents his thoughts on topics such as qualities required for fundraising and what motivates people to give.

Befriending Your Donors: Interview with Fundraiser Thomas Wolf. (2013). As the author of How to Connect with Donors and Double the Money You Raise, Thomas Wolf answered questions related to the art of relating to donors and at times befriending them. With suggestions on thank you letters, mistakes on fundraising, and effective fundraising, this article provides insight by an expert in the field.

Center for High Impact Philanthropy. (2011). The Center for High Impact Philanthropy at the University of Pennsylvania has released a special report on education, highlighting how donors can improve the single biggest in-school factor affecting students, teaching quality. "High Impact Philanthropy to Improve Teaching Quality: Focus on High-Need Secondary Students," identifies cost-effective non-profit models that improve individual teachers' skills, principal effectiveness, and the way schools are organized.

Children's Budget 2009. (2009). This is a comprehensive guide to all federal spending on children and an invaluable resource for all those seeking to improve the lives of America's youth. The federal government funds over 180 different children's programs, from child health and education to child welfare and juvenile justice.

The Cost of Quality Out-of-School-Time. (2009). High-quality out-of-school time (OST) can play an important role in the development of children and youth. This report from the Wallace fills what has been a significant knowledge gap in the OST field by offering a data-filled exploration of the cost of high-quality after-school and summer services.

The Dance of the Four Veils. (2009). For the most part, nonprofit communications are boring. Not on purpose, mind you. Still, they are almost always uninteresting, my vast exposure to them suggests. And why? Because they swaddle themselves in one or more of the following interest-draining veils.

Do-It-Yourself Fundraising: How to Get Money for Your Nonprofit. (2009). Here is a simple plan from GuideStar to get your fundraising off to a good start and that you can use for years to come.

Down but Not Defeated: Results of GuideStar's Eighth Annual Nonprofit Economic Survey. (2009). This article summarizes the results of a GuideStar survey of public charity and private foundations. The purpose of the survey was to compare how charitable organizations fared during the first nine months of 2009 to previous years and to try to gauge the effect of the downturn in the economy on the American nonprofit sector.

Estimated Federal Investment In Out-Of-School Time. (2009). This paper includes rough estimates of the largest federal funding sources used to support out-of-school time programs.

Financial Strategies to Support Citywide Systems of Out-of-School Time Programs. (2009). Several options that city officials may consider for supporting and sustaining local programs. From the National League of Cities.

Financing Expanded Learning Time in Schools. (2013). This report offers brief case studies of five different models for funding an expanded school day in district schools. By examining the funding sources, challenges and opportunities associated with each model, the report provides some preliminary answers to the question of how schools and districts are paying for expanded learning time.

Five Trends that Will Affect Online Fundraising in 2010. (2010). This article from GuideStar presents five trends identified by Network for Good.

Funders' Guide to Quality in Out-of-School Time. (March 2016) This guide provides recommendations to grantmakers about how they can increase quality in OST through local, regional, statewide and national grantmaking and other strategies. Grantmakers for Education.

 

Funding Brighter Futures: How Local Governments are Enhancing Investments in Kids. February 2017. Forum for Youth Investment.

Funding and Sustainability: Be In The Know. (2009). This paper from the Afterschool Alliance provides a brief introduction to locating sustainable funding for afterschool.

Get Going On Planned Giving. (2009). In the midst of our recession there's greater interest in gifts from estate plans, as donors have less disposable income to donate right now. Here are ideas to kick-start your organization's fundraising with a planned giving program.

Getting to Collective Impact: How Funders Can Contribute Over the Life Course of the Work. (2014). Although funder-driven collaboration sometimes leads to breakthrough solutions, foundations have also pushed the participating organizations into artificial, awkward, and unsustainable efforts. This article argues that funders should support naturally emerging networks and should tailor their support to match the network's stage of development.

Grantmakers and Thought Leaders on Out-of-School Time: Survey and Interview Report. (2014). This report takes a look at the priorities of grantmakers that support afterschool or other expanded learning efforts. It also examines the perspectives of key field leaders, including heads of youth-serving nonprofits and researchers.

Great Expectations: Mission Preservation and Financial Performance in Impact Investing. (November 2015) The report was published with the venture capital community in mind, but the data yields lessons for social entrepreneurs and the social impact community at large. Early findings show that social mission is well-preserved once investors exit. Wharton Social Impact Initiative.

A Guide to Effective Investments in Positive Youth Development: Implications of Research for Financing and Sustaining Programs and Services for Youth. (2009). This Finance Project paper reviews some of the most recent research on what makes an effective youth development program, and seeks to guide decision-makers on where to invest limited resources.

How Cross Promotions Can Help Your Organization. (2009). Learn more about sharing lists for fundraising outreach in this article from GuideStar.

An Introduction to Child Welfare Funding, and How States Use It. (January 2016) This report examines key child welfare financing decisions, based on interviews with child welfare agency officials in 10 states (CO, FL, IL, IN, MA, MI, OH, TX, UT, and WI) about the hows, whys, challenges, and successes of their child welfare financing structures and decisions. Child Trends.

It's Time for Summer: An Analysis of Recent Policy and Funding Opportunities. (2009). This white paper from The Wallace Foundation suggests that summer learning programs could be improved and expanded if federal, state, and local programs were better coordinated and recommends a number of steps to policymakers and funders.

Know Your Funders: A Guide to STEM Funding for Afterschool. (2012). The need for competency in science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) skills is not only increasingly important for success in the workforce but also to navigate the modern world and to make decisions that will inform public policy. In response to this need and to maintain the United States'global competitiveness, the federal government as well as private philanthropies and corporations are increasingly investing in a variety of STEM education initiatives.

Leveraging Resources to Create Alternative Pathways to Education and Employment Training for Disconnected Youth.(2009). Comprehensive reform strategies to serve disconnected youth ensure that young people have access to a range of services, including education, employment training, health, and mental health, to move them on a path to self-sufficiency. This brief profiles successful efforts at the city-level to leverage a range of funding streams at federal, state, and local levels, private dollars, and resources within the community to create a comprehensive portfolio of options.

More Than Money: Making a Difference with Assistance Beyond the Grant. (2009). More foundations are going beyond money and providing a range of other kinds of assistance to help nonprofits. This report examines the effectiveness of those efforts and offers three case studies, including Wallace.

Needed - A Sense of Urgency on the Budget. (2009). The most recent post on PCCY's new blog is filled with information about how Pennsylvania's budget stalemate affects children and families.

New Online Development Training Focuses on Donor Relationships. (2011). How consistent is your organization at building long-term relationships with key donors? On a daily basis, what types of donors are you calling on to gain support for your organization? How consistent are you at following a relationship development plan to achieve your organization's fundraising objectives? If you're unsure about the answers to these questions, or if you're looking to increase the effectiveness of your development efforts, the Not For Profit Group has developed an online, interactive, video-based training program to help you achieve new levels of success in fundraising. Not-for Profit Group.

The Nonprofit Sector in Brief 2015: Public Charities, Giving, and Volunteering. (October 2015) This brief discusses trends in the number and finances of 501(c)(3) public charities and key findings on two important resources for the nonprofit sector: private charitable contributions and volunteering. Urban Institute.

Opportunity in Hard Times: Building Out-of-School Time Learning Systems that Last. (2009).  This April 2009 report based on the Wallace Foundation Conference on Out-of-School Time Learning describes strategies for ensuring that OST programs withstand difficult times including forging closer ties to schools, using new data systems to inform budget decisions, and making the recession an opportunity to introduce bold changes.

'Perfect Storm' Ahead for Summer Youth Programs. (2011). With widespread cutbacks around the country in public funding for both summer school and summer-jobs programs, youths in some cities, such as Los Angeles and Washington, may have plenty of time on their hands in the coming months. Many jobs programs for young people are facing a funding cliff now that federal stimulus money from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 has run out.

Place Your Bets: How to Get and Preserve Government Funding in Tough Economic Times. (2010). This article from GuideStar includes some things that can make going for government money at best a waste of time and at worst a danger.

The Power of Voice: Effective Communication Strategies to Weather the Economic Storm. (2009). This article from Guidestar recommends communications best practices in the current economic climate.

Preparing to Take Advantage of New Programs in the Economic Stimulus Package: Considerations for Out-of-School Time Providers and Stakeholders. (2009). This funding brief from The Finance Project offers a summary of key opportunities for funding afterschool programs in the recently passed American Recovery and Reinvestment Act and offers advice for afterschool program leaders and directors on how to best position their organization so it is poised to take advantage of opportunities as they arise.

Recession Wallops After-School Budgets as Enrollments Rise. (2009). USA Today highlights the importance of high-quality out-of-school time (OST) programs for youth in this article about the challenges many providers and intermediaries are facing in the economic downturn.

Shaking the Money Tree: Sources for Afterschool Funding. (January 2015). This article discusses the difficult task of navigating the world of funding in afterschool programs. It gives several resources and opportunities for funding, as well as facts about where the majority of funding comes from for programs. Education Week.

 

Small Nonprofits Solving Big Problems. (2013). There are over 1.5 million nonprofits in the U.S., with three-quarters of them operating on annual budgets under $1 million. Although small in budget, these organizations respond to localized needs and are staffed by people with deep knowledge and caring for the communities where they live. This report draws on Nonprofit Finance Fund's experience working with 22 nonprofits through the Capital and Capacity for Economic Recovery program in Greater Philadelphia. It highlights the common financial challenges faced but also offers suggestions for how to stabilize practices during economic recessions.

Smarter Outsourcing for Grantmakers. (2010). This TCC Group briefing paper explores why grant makers choose to outsource, what functions are typically contracted out, and how a foundation can best manage its outsourcing arrangement.

Sparking Solutions Progress Report. (March 2016) An update on Sparking Solutions, an effort created in 2013 to actively promote and foster collaborative philanthropy (in focus areas that include youth literacy and youth development) that improves conditions, creates opportunities and changes lives in Greater Philadelphia. Philanthropy Network Greater Philadelphia.

 

Step-by-Step Guide to Cultivating a Community For Fundraising. (August 2015) In this article Rob Wu, CauseVox, offers practical guidance on understanding and engaging a community of support for nonprofit organizations. NTEN.

Stimulus Funds and Youth Work. (2009). Youth Today has posted the latest information about how organizations can apply for the various streams of funds through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. This posting will be updated as more information becomes available in the coming days and weeks.

Strategies in Tough Economic Times: Increasing Access to Summer Meals. (2009). This brief by the Food Research and Action Center outlines several strategies that cities, state agencies, schools, anti-hunger and child advocates, nonprofits and other stakeholders can implement to meet the rising need of meals during the summer months.

Strengthening Out-of-School Time Nonprofits: The Role of Foundations in Building Organizational Capacity. (2009). This publication suggests seven possible approaches to strengthening OST organizations, including methods to ensure that OST providers become stronger partners with other groups and more adept advocates for their field.

Top 10 Major Donor Fundraising Trends for 2014-2015. (June 2014). Understanding current trends in fundraising may assist providers in strategizing for the year. This article does an excellent job in presenting easy-to-execute suggestions and explains the reasoning behind each tip. Fired Up Fundraising.

Top 10 Year-end Fundraising Strategies to Put You Over Goal on December 31. (2009). This year your year-end campaign needs to be the best ever. Here are Guidestar's Top 10 Strategies that will help you zoom past your year-end goals.

Uncertain Times 2009: Recession Imperiling Afterschool Programs and the Children They Serve. (2009). This recent survey on the state of afterschool programs released by the Afterschool Alliance, finds that afterschool programs are serving a high need population, struggling to maintain their funding, and worried about how the recession will affect future funding. 

Understanding the State of Knowledge of Youth Engagement Financing and Sustainability. (2009). This report provides critical information on the costs, funding sources, financing strategies and sustainability of youth engagement. Included are also several profiles of youth engagement programs that have implemented various promising strategies to finance and sustain their work.

Using the Child Care and Development Fund to Support a System of Quality Improvement for School-Age Programs. (2009). This strategy brief provides ideas and considerations for state leaders looking to build a coordinated system of quality improvement for school-age programs.  Based on a review of the literature and interviews with state decision makers, this brief describes promising approaches for investing the Child Care and Development Fund and other resources in six system components.

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Human Resources and Supervision

2016 Charity CEO Compensation Study. (October 2016) This report is designed to serve as a tool for board members seeking benchmarking data and for donors who want to gain a better understanding of nonprofit compensation practices. Report is based on the 2014 CEO salary data provided on Form 990 by 4,587 charities in Charity Navigator's database. Charity Navigator.

 

2016 Nonprofit Employment Practices Survey Results. (Spring 2016) This report is intended to provide a snapshot of current employment practices and discuss the economic trends and implications of employment practices in the nonprofit sector. Nonprofit HR.

Achieving Through Joy. (2009). This article from Guidestar presents active listening tips and an achievement exercise that supports and encourages participants to come up with their own answers to a problem, issue, or goal.

The Art of Mastering Difficult Conversations with Staff. (2013). No one likes to have that difficult, awkward, and uncomfortable conversation with a staff member who just doesn't seem to get it. If you want to have a productive conversation, you've got to master the art of communicating effectively. This article provides ten suggestions and tips to aid in this process.

Assessing Staff Relationships for Better Out-Of-School Time Programs. (2010).Staff members play a critical role in out-of-school time programs, and increasing attention is being paid to assessing how staff members get along and work with each other as an indicator of program quality. This new Child Trends brief provides an overview of staff relationships; suggestions for how to incorporate relationship-building as a component of standard practice; and helpful tools to assess staff relationships.

Beyond the Paycheck: A Human Resources Management Guide for Leaders of Small Youth-Serving Organizations. (2009). This guide aims to help organization leaders develop the tools and knowledge they need to create and use sound human resources management (HRM) systems and practices that support program success and sustainability.

Connecting the Dots: Data Use in Afterschool Systems. (April 2016) People and processes are as important as technology, according to early findings from a study of the use of data in afterschool systems. The Wallace Foundation.

 

Guidance for Non-Profit Organizations on Paying Overtime under the Fair Labor Standards Act. (May 2016) This document offers insight on how the minimum wage and overtime provisions of the FLSA, which took effect December 1, 2016, apply to employees at non-profit agencies. US Department of Labor.

How Program Administrators Can Support Out-of-School Time Staff. (2009). This new brief from Child Trends examines effective strategies for facilitative administration in out-of-school time programs.

Mentoring Youth Work Professionals. (2004). This newsletter, from the National Youth Development Learning Network (NYDLN), details the benefits and importance of mentoring staff, and explains how to begin a quality mentoring network.  Good youth work mentoring generally shows improved quality programming and higher staff retention.

The Nonprofit Overtime Implementation Conundrum. (July 2016) Results of a national survey seeking insights from nonprofits with government grants and contracts about how changes to federal employment law could affect their costs and operations. National Council of Nonprofits.

The Notebook Summer 2009 Edition. (2009). This edition of The Notebook focuses on teacher excellence and includes data about inequities in staffing at schools in the District.

Shining a Light on Supervision - Lessons from the Beacons. (2010). This OST policy commentary from the Forum for Youth Investment takes readers inside the world of the Beacons to understand their approach to supervision.

Staff Selection: What's Important for Out-Of-School Time Programs?  (2009). This Child Trends brief provides present findings and effective strategies for selecting frontline staff in the effective implementation of out-of-school time programs.

Staffing OST Programs in the 21st Century. (2012). In the Fall 2012 issue of Afterschool Matters, a peer-reviewed journal dedicated to promoting professionalism, scholarship and consciousness in the field of afterschool education, Ron Asher discusses his research into the systemic challenges of hiring and retaining part-time front-line staff in the afterschool youth development workforce.

Understanding Project Collaboration: How to Improve Collaboration in Any Environment. (2014). How many hours do you spend reading or sending emails? Does your project team waste time tracking down information, trying to get organized, or duplicating works? Project collaboration tools can help project teams improved productivity by up to 20%. But in order to see such improvements, they need to know what tools are available and how to best use them in their program.

Using Coaching to Provide Ongoing Support and Supervision to Out-Of-School Time Staff. (2009). This Child Trends brief presents findings and effective strategies for coaching frontline staff in the effective implementation of out-of-school time programs.

Working with Generation Y: Understanding and Supporting their Workplace Needs. (2010). Generation Y's 32 million U.S. workers will increase to approximately 21% of the workforce in the next 3 years. In a child care and early education industry dominated by young workers, that means Generation Y-ers (16-30 year olds) are members of your staff. For insights into this population, read this report by Alan Ekblad and Timothy Hathaway.

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Information Technology

Common Core Driving Schools’ Technology Needs. (2015). A survey administered to principals of schools has shown that common core standards are increasing the need for new technology in schools. The common core standards have implications for staff competency and for funding of technological devices. EdTechMagazine.com.

 

Incorporating Technology into Out-of-School Time Programs: Benefits, Challenges, and Strategies. (2010). Technology and technologically-based learning environments are extending student learning beyond the conventional classroom. This Child Trends brief draws on results from research and from practitioners' insights to outline the benefits, challenges, and strategies associated with using technology in out-of-school time programs.

Multimedia Transformation: How Digital Tools are Connecting Teaching and Learning. (2011). This special report examines how multimedia tools are transforming teaching and learning, especially in the core academic subjects. It aims to serve as a source of ideas for school leaders across the country who are trying to identify the most efficient and effective approaches for using multimedia to improve student achievement and prepare students for careers that require increasingly sophisticated use of digital technologies.

Online Resources for Identifying Evidence-Based, Out-of-School Time Programs: A User's Guide. (2009). This July 2009 guide from Child Trends is designed to help funders, administrators, and practitioners find evidence-based programs that may be appropriate for their target populations and communities.

Social Media Is Going Mobile, and So Should Your Nonprofit. (2009). Social media is definitely going mobile. In this article Guidestar presents three mobile strategies that your nonprofit can start experimenting with and considering for 2010.

Teaching in the Age of Minecraft. (February 2015). Minecraft is currently the best-selling computer game of all time with 18 million downloads. This game is now being used to teach youth skills such as reading, writing, special understanding, and problem solving. It also allows instructors to open up discussions about internet safety and how to act in virtual spaces. The Atlantic.

Tips for Entering Your Nonprofit into the Social Media Environment. (2009). This article from GuideStar explains that "social media" (e.g. Facebook, Twitter, YouTube) doesn't have to be scary.

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Marketing and Promotion

2015 Nonprofit Communications Trends Report. (January 2016) This fifth annual edition of the report answers questions about norms of nonprofit communication, points of conflict in nonprofit communication, the portrait of a typical nonprofit communications director and more. Nonprofit Marketing Guide.com

Arts for All: Connecting to New Audiences. (2009). How can arts organizations use marketing, research and new technologies to expand their audiences? This report on a recent Wallace conference discusses how it is being done.

 

Messages Made Simple: Communications Toolkit for Expanded Learning. (May 2016) This messaging toolkit is for organizations that use expanded learning to improve opportunities and outcomes for youth. Every Hour Counts.

The Power of Voice - Effective Communication Strategies to Weather the Economic Storm. (2009). In marketing, silence is rarely “golden.” It is important to use effective external, internal, and interpersonal communications to survive and to thrive, in good times and bad.

A Strategic Approach to Cost-Effective Marketing for Nonprofits. (2009). Targeted Solutions, a program of Public Health Management Corporation, has published this paper to help nonprofits market their accomplishments in challenging times. The document features an in-depth discussion from the group's vice president of communications to learn the 2 rules and 6 levels of a marketing strategy that works.

This ONE Thing Will Transform Your Marketing and Fundraising in 2014. (2014). Marketing and fundraising have to be more on target than ever, with messages based on current data and stories from across your channels, campaigns, and programs. That's the only way to create a unified supporter or participant experience - one that builds on each supporter's or participant's engagement with your organization and is most likely to motive the next action.

Word of Mouth Marketing. (2009). Learn more about work of mouth marketing in this article from GuideStar.

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Program Management and Administration

2016 Charity CEO Compensation Study. (October 2016) This report is designed to serve as a tool for board members seeking benchmarking data and for donors who want to gain a better understanding of nonprofit compensation practices. Report is based on the 2014 CEO salary data provided on Form 990 by 4,587 charities in Charity Navigator's database. Charity Navigator.

Administrative Management Capacity in Out-of-School Time Organizations: An Exploratory Study. (2009). Organizations that run out-of-school time programs need additional investment in administration and management in order to most effectively support, develop and expand their programs.

A Few Words on Leadership. (2013). Leadership is one of those areas that has been thoroughly researched. The basis for this author's points on leadership is ironically not from empirically peer reviewed literature, but from his personal experiences and observations on transitional, transformational, democratic, autocratic, and laissez-fair leaders.

Build a Culture that Nurtures Productive Conflict. (2013). When it comes to resolving conflict within teams, much of the advice you read is about the conversations that take place in groups. Attentive and deliberate communication is key when working through difficult conversations. However, educators set the stage for productive conflict by creating the right culture, well before any of those conversations take place.

Five Challenges Facing Nonprofit Boards. (2010). This article from GuideStar presents this article on avoiding pitfalls while supporting the complex and critical role of boards.

Five Reasons NOT to E-mail. (2013). In an age where electronic messages are sent quickly and without much forethought, Jan Gallagher provides five reasons and instances when one should not email. Even though it is often easier to get the wording right in email, Gallagher suggests that one should avoid communicating through email: when you've got bad news, when you don't understand instructions, when you want to make an appointment, when the information is sensitive, and when you need an immediate response.

How to Scale Up Effective Programs Serving Children, Youth, and Families. (November 2015) This brief reviews the best practices for scale up of effective programs from across the literature and describes the experiences of several effective programs that are at varying levels of scale across the country and internationally. Child Trends.

 

Messages Made Simple: Communications Toolkit for Expanded Learning. (May 2016) This messaging toolkit is for organizations that use expanded learning to improve opportunities and outcomes for youth. Every Hour Counts.

Measure Your Team's Industrial Energy. (2014). Liane Davey's study of industrial psychology revealed that teams combine different people, ideas, and information into products and services in much the same way that simple machines transform raw materials into goods and services that are greater than the sum of their individual parts. Give this tool to your team members to explore how well they work together to create results greater than the sum of their parts.

Philadelphia's Nonprofit Human Service Organizations: How African American-Led Organizations Differ from White-Led Organizations. (April 2016) This study was commissioned by the Philadelphia African American Leadership Forum (PAALF) with funding from the United Way of Greater Philadelphia and Southern New Jersey to better understand the challenges and value of African American-led nonprofits in Philadelphia. Branch Associates.

Secrets of the Charismatic Organization. (2009). This article from Guidestar focuses on how to improve your organization using social capital-relationships with people, who will make introductions, recommend the organization for funding, build partnerships, advocate for the cause, tell others about the organization's work, recruit staff and clients, and act in dozens of other ways to support the organization.

A View from the Field: Helping Community Organizations Meet Capacity Challenges. (2009). The author writes that investments in four areas in particular could strengthen OST providers: training for staffers and executives; educating principals and other education leaders about the role of OST; improving the content of programming; and strengthening the financial management and governance of OST provider groups.

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Recruiting and Retaining Staff

5 Things You Must Do to Keep Your Best People. (2014). Your top performers are the lifeblood of your company. Recent surveys suggest many of them are looking for new jobs. To hand on to them, this article provides five steps in this essential action plan.

2016 Nonprofit Employment Practices Survey Results. (Spring 2016) This report is intended to provide a snapshot of current employment practices and discuss the economic trends and implications of employment practices in the nonprofit sector. Nonprofit HR.

 

Cultivating the Ultimate Board. (2013). Through an interview with Kay Sprinkel Grace, the author of The Ultimate Board Member's Book, this article presents thoughtful tips on avoiding common mistakes organizations usually make when recruiting board members.

Don't Be Held Hostage by Toxic Employees. (2014). No issue is more important and less urgent than finding the next A-player for your business. Don't be held hostage by talented but toxic people. This article provides suggestions on how to lay the groundwork for replacing them.

Five Ways to Boost Retention. (2013). In an article in the Harvard Business Review On Point (Winter 2012), Judith Ross offers five proven practices for boosting retention: 1. Provide room to grow. "Nothing is more frustrating for an employee than discovering that he has exhausted growth opportunities at this company." 2. Continually enrich the experience. Keep employees engaged by "working with them to expand their skill set and empowering them to do more." 3. Express appreciation. Link pay more to value creation and less to rank or years of service. 4. Counteract stress. "Employee stress is a symptom of all the other things that can go wrong in a workplace. 5. Cement connections with leaders. "Employees often have three questions about their leaders: 'Will they steer the ship to success?' 'Can I trust them to do what they say?' 'Do they have trust and confidence in me.'"

Guidance for Non-Profit Organizations on Paying Overtime under the Fair Labor Standards Act. (May 2016) This document offers insight on how the minimum wage and overtime provisions of the FLSA, which took effect December 1, 2016, apply to employees at non-profit agencies. US Department of Labor.

How Reward Systems Aid in Employee Retention.  (n.d.).   To motivate staff to perform beyond expectations, employers may consider offering incentives including bonuses, overtime compensation, recognition awards, and outstanding health benefits.  These perks not only encourage dedication, but also often result in higher rates of staff retention.  Saint Mary’s University of Minnesota. 

How to Remove Gender Bias From the Hiring Process. (2014). Are you aware of your own gender bias when you're hiring? A recent study conducted by business-school professors from Columbia University, Northwestern University, and the University of Chicago found that managers of both genders were more likely to hire men when recruiting people to handle simple mathematical tasks.

 

Proposed Revisions to the Definitions for the Early Childhood Workforce in the Standard Occupational Classification. (May 2016) The SOC is used by Federal statistical agencies to classify and report on workers and jobs. This white paper proposes changes to the titles, definitions, and placement of the detailed occupations involving the early childhood care and education (ECCE) workforce in the SOC given the challenges of accurately determining the size and characteristics of the workforce. Child Trends / OPRE.

 

The State of Teacher Diversity in American Education. (September 2015) This report shows that nationally, progress toward greater diversity is being made, but it is quite modest compared to the need for more minority teachers. Albert Shanker Institute.

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Recruiting and Retaining Youth

Avoiding the Attendance Slump: Strategies to Maximize Learning Time in June - A Resource Guide. (June 2015) This report offers some specific strategies to increase learning time and attendance rates, boost engagement, minimize summer learning loss, and accelerate performance in the next grade.

 

Engaging Families to Boost Teens' After-School Enrollment: Practical Tips from the Beacons Experience. (2009). Contrary to the myth that young teens don't want their parents around, programs that engage the whole family help boost recruitment, participation and retention. In this article to Connect For Kids, the Youth Development Institute has the story and practical tips.

Engaging Older Youth: Program and City-Level Strategies to Support Sustained Participation in Out-of-School Time. (2010) This report details the findings from a joint Public/Private Ventures-Harvard Family Research Project study that examined the practices and structural features of almost 200 out-of-school-time programs and identified the characteristics most successful in retaining older youth.

Every Student Succeeds Act Primer: High School Dropout Prevention and Reengagement of Out-of-School Youth. (April 2016) This brief outlines key provisions in the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) to support states and districts in preventing students from dropping out of high school and reengaging out-of-school youth and making important linkages to the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act. Alliance for Excellent Education.

Expanding Minds and Opportunities: Leveraging the Power of Afterschool and Summer Learning for Student Success. (2013). This compendium of studies, reports and commentaries by more than 100 thought leaders including community leaders, elected officials, educators, researchers and advocates offers examples of effective practices, programs and partnerships-that demonstrate how afterschool and summer programs are yielding positive outcomes for authentic student, community and family engagement in learning.

The Growing Importance of Afterschool in Rural Communities. (March 2016) This America After 3PM report focuses on the hours after school for children and families living in rural communities, and what more can be done to make certain that all children, regardless of geographic location, are given the array of supports they need to achieve their full potential. Afterschool Alliance.

Non-Participation of Children and Adolescents in Out-of-School Time Programs: Child, Family, and Neighborhood Factors.(2009). This July 2009 brief from Child Trends examines the individual and background factors that influence non-participation in out-of-school time programs.

Participation Over Time. (2010). Keeping Youth Engaged from Middle School to High School draws on data collected for Engaging Older Youth -a recent study from Harvard Family Research Project and Public/Private Ventures, commissioned by the Wallace Foundation-of out-of-school time programs that successfully engage older youth and the strategies they use to maintain high participation rates.

A Practitioner's Guide to Promising Practices for Recruiting and Retaining Older Youth. (2010). Out-of-school time (OST) programs across Pennsylvania are looking for ways to improve their recruitment and retention efforts and attract older youth to their programs. This report combines results from a 2010 survey of youth programs in Pennsylvania with findings from a literature review to provide practitioners with information on best practices for recruiting and retaining older youth.

Tailor Made: Attracting, Engaging and Retaining Hard-to-Reach Youth. (2009). In order to support young people who may be dealing with substance abuse, trauma, or gang affiliation, the San Francisco OMI/Excelsior Beacon draws upon promising practices and the strengths of the young people themselves and provides opportunities for deep relationships with its staff for individuals and communities. Part of the “Practices to Keep In After-School and Youth Programs” series from the Youth Development Institute.

The Ingredient that Leads to Success: Teamwork.   (April 2015). This article from Play-Positive highlights the necessary tools to having a successful team. Most importantly, the authors discuss teamwork and the impact it can have on teams and groups when it is fostered and promoted. Play-Positive/Liberty Mutual.

The View from the Lighthouse. (2014). This second installment in the Echoes From the Gap Series is published by The Education Trust. In this article, the author lays bare student perspectives on what really matters when it comes to creating high-quality schools.

Why Teens are Not Involved in Out-of-School Time Programs: The Youth Perspective. (2009). This July 2009 brief from Child Trends presents findings from a recent Child Trends roundtable discussion during which youth identified barriers to their participation in OST programs, such as programs that are located in unsafe or unfamiliar neighborhoods and program participation being perceived in a negative light by parents and/or peers.

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Regulations and Licensing

The Basics of Afterschool Care Licensing(2006). This resource first defines and then explains the basics of licensing for afterschool programs across the United States.  It provides advice to states on effectively implementing licensing across all of their programs, and list reasons why licensing is an effective standardization measure.

Quick Facts on School Age-Care: Trends in Licensing Regulations. (2009). This article summarizes multiple licensing regulations across the country.  Additional information is available on the website, listed at the end of the article.

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Understanding the OST Field

Afterschool Matters, Number 24, Fall 2016. (Fall 2016) Afterschool Matters is a national, peer-reviewed journal dedicated to promoting professionalism, scholarship, and consciousness in the field of afterschool education. National Institute on Out-of-School Time.

Afterschool Programs in Pennsylvania. (June 2016) In December 2015, the Legislative Budget and Finance Committee (LB&FC) directed its staff to conduct an update of a report released in May 2009 on the availability and affordability of afterschool/out-of-school time (OST) programs in the Commonwealth. Pennsylvania General Assembly.

After-School Special: What happens to kids afterschool matters, even more than we think. (2014). Hilary Benson reviews recent literature on the benefits of afterschool programming. Academic enrichment, socio-emotional education and career development are among many presented benefits of such programs. Parent Map.

Aligning Collective Impact Initiatives. (2014). With multiple youth organizations operating in similar regions, programs’ goals and projects often overlap. This article encourages connecting organizations with similar programming as a way to increase efficiency. Stanford Social Innovation Review.

America After 3PM. (2009). This October report is an update to a 2004 report by the same name, and highlights findings from a survey of nearly 30,000 households across the United States conducted for the Afterschool Alliance and sponsored by the JCPenney Afterschool Fund.

America After 3pm. (2014). The Afterschool Alliance issued an update to past similar reports and presents findings on family feedback regarding afterschool programs. Researchers interviewed 30,000 households across the country to gather information on family needs and afterschool participation rates. Afterschool Alliance.

America After 3PM Special Report: Afterschool in Communities of Concentrated Poverty. (August 2016) Findings from America After 3PM document the role that afterschool programs play in supporting families living in high-poverty areas by answering questions about afterschool program participation, demand, roadblocks, and experiences. Afterschool Alliance.

 

Candidate Resource Guide on Afterschool. (2016) This guide provides information on ways afterschool programs provide real-time, evidence-tested solutions to some of the most prevalent campaign issues, constituent interests and community concerns. Afterschool Alliance.

 

The Condition of Education 2016. This annual report summarizes important national developments and trends in education. It presents 43 key indicators grouped into four main areas: population characteristics, participation in education, elementary and secondary education, and postsecondary education. US Department of Education.

 

Every Hour Counts Ten-Year Convening Report. (June 2016) This report provides an overview of major developments in the expanded-learning field in the last ten years, and sets forth a vision for the future. It describes the pressing social issues that impact student learning, including poverty and inequity, and examine the ways in which expanded learning can help remove some of the associated barriers. Every Hour Counts.

Expanding Minds and Opportunities: Leveraging the Power of Afterschool and Summer Learning for Student Success.(2013). This compendium of studies, reports and commentaries by more than 100 thought leaders including community leaders, elected officials, educators, researchers and advocates offers examples of effective practices, programs and partnerships-that demonstrate how afterschool and summer programs are yielding positive outcomes for authentic student, community and family engagement in learning.

Funders' Guide to Quality in Out-of-School Time. (March 2016) This guide provides recommendations to grantmakers about how they can increase quality in OST through local, regional, statewide and national grantmaking and other strategies. Grantmakers for Education.

 

The Growing Importance of Afterschool in Rural Communities. (March 2016) This America After 3PM report focuses on the hours after school for children and families living in rural communities, and what more can be done to make certain that all children, regardless of geographic location, are given the array of supports they need to achieve their full potential. Afterschool Alliance.

 

The Intersection of Afterschool and Competency-based Learning: Emerging Trends, Policy Considerations, and Questions for the Future. (January 2016) This white paper explores the relationship between these two fields, recommends ideal policy environments for implementing successful programs, provides real-world examples, and shines a spotlight on emerging trends for the future. American Youth Policy Forum.

 

An Introduction to Child Welfare Funding, and How States Use It. (January 2016) This report examines key child welfare financing decisions, based on interviews with child welfare agency officials in 10 states (CO, FL, IL, IN, MA, MI, OH, TX, UT, and WI) about the hows, whys, challenges, and successes of their child welfare financing structures and decisions. Child Trends.

 

Kids' Share 2016: Report on Federal Expenditures on Children Through 2015 and Future Projections. (September 2016) The report projects the children's share of the federal budget to be vastly outweighed by interest that will be paid on the national debt, and finds that absent any policy change, children's share of the budget will continue to decline. Urban Institute.

Making the Case: A 2009 Factsheet on Children and Youth in Out-of-School Time. (2009). A review of over 50 studies of afterschool programs conducted by The Afterschool Alliance suggests: (1)
quality afterschool programs improved school attendance, engagement in learning, test scores, and
grades; (2) frequency and duration of afterschool participation increases benefits; and (3) high-risk youth
show the greatest benefits.

New Reports Examine Access to Out-Of-School Time Programs. (2011). Sustained participation in out-of-school time (OST) activities, research suggests, can improve a young person's academic achievement and success in life. Many municipal leaders also recognize that promoting participation in high-quality OST programs can advance other city priorities - including decreasing dropout rates, lowering juvenile crime rates and strengthening workforce development.

Pennsylvania After 3pm. (2009). These results from the America After 3PM 2009 survey identify the supply of and demand for PA afterschool programs, as well as the major barriers to program enrollment in the state.

Quality Afterschool: Helping Programs Achieve It and Strengthening Policies to Support It. (2011). For years, policy makers, program directors and parents have attested to the widespread benefits of afterschool programs. Fortunately, a wide variety of research ranging from quantitative studies and polls to qualitative reports and field observations has corroborated the need for afterschool enrichment.

Telling Tales (About) Out-of-School. (2010). Shedding their stereotypical images as babysitters and after-school tutors, after-school programs are now the in the vanguard of education reform, thanks to foundation support that has them partnering with parents, school officials and funders to provide exciting out-of-classroom learning.

The effects of increased learning time on student academic and nonacademic outcomes: Findings from a meta-analytic review. (July 2014). Authors compare and contrast the findings of numerous studies related to the effects of increased learning time. Increased learning time appeared particularly beneficial for students performing below grade level or students experiencing symptoms of ADHD. American Institutes for Research.

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Volunteers and Volunteer Management

Beyond the Classroom: Service Learning in Out-of-School Time. Embedding a service-learning approach into interactions with after school programming volunteers fosters a mutually beneficial relationship. This article takes agencies step-by-step through the process of introducing service-learning to their volunteer management.

The Day We First Met. (2011). The parallels between recruiting and retaining volunteer leaders and dating are surprisingly similar. Learn strategies to woo and retain volunteers.

Family Volunteers. (2009). This article from Guidestar follows a new nonprofit geared toward getting young children involved in volunteering that was recently launched in Austin, Texas.

A Great Fit: Recruiting Volunteers to Work with Youth. (2007). This issue provides planning and marketing strategies for recruiting volunteers from key demographics and delves into the implementation of an ongoing recruitment plan.

The Nonprofit Sector in Brief 2015: Public Charities, Giving, and Volunteering. (October 2015) This brief discusses trends in the number and finances of 501(c)(3) public charities and key findings on two important resources for the nonprofit sector: private charitable contributions and volunteering. Urban Institute.

Promoting Employee Engagement. (2007). Volunteers are important in effective programming, and this document describes an instance in which volunteers successfully aided outreach in India.  It also describes the positive effects of partnering with companies and non-government organizations to achieve positive outcomes.

Revisiting the Seven Deadly Sins of Directing Volunteers. (2013). This brief article looks at the seven deadly sins of directing volunteers, published in 1990, and checks to see if they are still applicable or whether they should be revised. Some of the enumerated sins are: to waste a volunteer's time, to offer opportunities and not deliver, to recruit volunteers for a cause in which you do not personally believe.

Why are Volunteers Necessary Fixtures in Youth Programming? (2007). This document presents research on the impact that volunteers and mentors can have on youth and youth programs. It encourages all programs to include volunteers to help with disadvantaged youth who need a positive adult influence, or with disabled youth who physically need help in order to participate.  It also includes guidelines to help programs attract and recruit volunteers.

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